Faunistic study of planthoppers infraorder Fulgoromorpha (Hem.: Auchenorrhyncha) in different climatic regions of Gorgan

مرضيه, لشكري and دكتر قدير, نوري قنبلاني and دكتر فريبا, مظفريان and دكتر سيد علي اصغر, فتحي (2009) Faunistic study of planthoppers infraorder Fulgoromorpha (Hem.: Auchenorrhyncha) in different climatic regions of Gorgan. Masters thesis, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili.

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Abstract

Planthoppers of Infraorder Fulgoromorpha are polyphagus insects that feed on the phloem of roots, torque and stems of herbaceous and sometimes phloem of leaf of woody plants. Many of these planthoppers can seriously damage crops in high population. Gorgan region includes Gorgan and Aq qalla cities of Golestan province is located in northeast of Iran. It has 6 various climates: Arid, Semi arid, Mediterranean, Semi humid, Humid and Ultra humid. In this research the distribution of planthoppers was studied in different climatic regions of Gorgan. The specimens were collected from 17 sites with different climatic condition during years 2008 and 2009 in different seasons. In addition planthoppers that had been previously collected from Golestan and some of them were deposited in the museum of Hayk Myrzayans were studied as well. All specimens were recognized in 9 families, 26 genera and 36 species: Family Caliscelidae: Ommatidiotus dissimilis Family Cixiidae: Pentastria major, Reptalus barajus, Reptalus bitinctus, Tachycixius desertorum, Tachycixius sp., Reptalus lindbergi, Cixius rufus, Hyalesthes mlokosiewiezi, Cixius adornatus iranicus, Hyalesthes obsoletus, Cixius pallipes, Oliarus fulvus* Family Derbidae: Malenia sp.* Family Delphacidae: Asirica clavicornis, Chloriona clavata, Metadelphax propinqua, Falctoya minuscula, Gravesteiniella boldi, Stenocranus major, Laodelphax striatellus, Javesella sp*., Kelisia praecox*, Muirudelphax aubei*, Sogatella frucifera*, Sogatella vibix*, Eurybregma nigrolineata*, Ribautodelphax hyrcanus Family Dictyopharidae: Dictyophara europaea, Dictyophara exoptata Family Issidae: Scorlupella montana ,Mycterodus krameri* Family Nogodinidae: Morsina persica Family Tettigometridae: Tettigometra sulphurea*, Tettigometra virescens*, Tettigometra costulata* Family Tropiduchidae: Trypetimorpha fenestrata According to available literature, 12 species with * have not been recorded from Golestan province and species Sogatella frucifera, Eurybregma nigrolineata, Tettigometra virescens were new records for Iran. The distriboution maps of the collected species were delineated by Arc GIS 9.2 software.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Persian Title: بررسي فون زنجرك‌هاي زير زير راسته‌ي Fulgoromorpha (Hem.:Auchenorrhyncha) در اقليم‌هاي مختلف منطقه‌ي گرگان
Persian Abstract: زنجرك‌هاي Fulgoromorpha، حشراتی با طيف ميزباني وسيع هستند كه از آوندهاي آبكش موجود در ریشه، طوقه و ساقه ‌گیاهان علفی وگاهي آوند آبكش برگ‌هاي گياهان چوبي تغذیه می‌کنند و در جمعیت‌های بالا می توانند خسارت‌های فراوان و جدي را به محصولات کشاورزی وارد ‌نمایند. منطقه‌ي گرگان مشتمل بر دو شهرستان گرگان و آق‌قلا در استان گلستان، در شمال شرقي ايران از اقليم‌هاي متنوعي شامل شش نوع اقليم خشك، نيمه‌خشك، مديترانه‌اي، نيمه‌ مرطوب، مرطوب و بسيار مرطوب برخوردار می‌باشد. در اين تحقيق برای بررسي پراكندگي فون اين زنجرك‌ها در اقليم‌هاي مختلف گرگان، طي سال‌هاي 1387 و 1388 در ماههاي مختلف سال، اقدام به نمونه برداری شد. به همین منظور، 17 محل در برگيرنده‌ي شرايط مختلف اقليمي انتخاب گرديد. علاوه بر زنجرك‌هاي جمع‌آوري شده، نمونه‌هايي كه توسط سايرين از استان گلستان جمع‌آوري شده و در موزه‌ي هايك ميرزايانس نگهداري مي‌شوند نیز بررسي شدند. در مجموع نه خانواده‌، 27 جنس و 37 گونه به شرح زير شناسايي شدند: Family Caliscelidae: Ommatidiotus dissimilis Family Cixiidae: Pentastria major, Reptalus barajus, Reptalus bitinctus, Tachycixius desertorum, Tachycixius sp., Reptalus lindbergi, Cixius rufus, Hyalesthes mlokosiewiezi, Cixius adornatus iranicus, Hyalesthes obsoletus, Cixius pallipes, Oliarus fulvus* Family Derbidae: Malenia sp.* Family Delphacidae: Asirica clavicornis, Chloriona clavata, Metadelphax propinqua, Falctoya minuscula, Gravesteiniella boldi, Stenocranus major, Laodelphax striatellus, Javesella sp*., Kelisia praecox*, Muirudelphax aubei*, Sogatella frucifera*, Sogatella vibix*, Eurybregma nigrolineata*, Ribautodelphax hyrcanus Family Dictyopharidae: Dictyophara europaea, Dictyophara exoptata Family Issidae: Scorlupella montana ,Mycterodus krameri* Family Nogodinidae: Morsina persica Family Tettigometridae: Tettigometra sulphurea*, Tettigometra virescens*, Tettigometra costulata* Family Tropiduchidae: Trypetimorpha fenestrata با توجه به منابع موجود 12 گونه‌ كه با علامت * مشخص شده‌اند، براي اولين بار از استان گلستان گزارش مي‌شوند، سه گونه‌ي Sogatella frucifera, Eurybregma nigrolineata, Tettigometra virescens نيز ركورد‌هاي جديدي براي ايران محسوب مي‌گردند. نقشه‌‌ي پراكنش اقليمي گونه‌ها با استفاده از نرم افزار 9.2 Arc GIS ترسيم گرديد.
Supervisor:
SupervisorE-mail
دكتر قدير, نوري قنبلانيUNSPECIFIED
دكتر فريبا, مظفريانUNSPECIFIED
Advisor:
AdvisorE-mail
دكتر سيد علي اصغر, فتحيUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Faculty of Agricultural Sciences & Natural Resources > Department of Plant Protection
Divisions > Faculty of Agricultural Sciences & Natural Resources > Department of Plant Protection
Divisions: Subjects > Faculty of Agricultural Sciences & Natural Resources > Department of Plant Protection
Faculty of Agricultural Sciences & Natural Resources > Department of Plant Protection
Date Deposited: 03 Jul 2019 06:50
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2019 06:50
URI: http://repository.uma.ac.ir/id/eprint/7242

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