Elements of Sustainability in Nima Yushije's Poems

Najafi Zingir, Moharram (2019) Elements of Sustainability in Nima Yushije's Poems. Masters thesis, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili.

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Abstract

Target The purpose of this thesis is to explain the themes related to persistence and resistance in Nima Yooshij's poems. Methodology of research: The research method is descriptive-analytical in which Nima's poems are studied and the components of sustainability are identified. Findings: Nima Yushijj is a contemporary contemporary poet who has always been concerned with social issues in her poems and has been sensitive to the political and social conditions of society. In his poems, he considered the only way to deal with foreign colonialism and internal tyranny as stability and resistance. In this research, which is a content analysis method and has been library-based, we have studied the components of sustainability literature in Nima Yooshij's poems. Conclusion: After examining a variety of sustainability themes, such as despotism, justice, patriotism, condemnation of poverty, public awareness, and the like, we have come to the conclusion that Nima Yushige has paid attention to the components of sustainability. Nima's goal and motivation for attention to the components and themes of sustainability are rooted in her justice and patriotism. Nima has a gentle spirit that never tolerates injustice and always wants people to be aware of their rights to exercise their rights. An examination of Nima's poetry and the way he expresses the themes of sustainability in poetry shows that he can be regarded as one of the second-rate poets of sustainability because, although he refers to the themes of sustainability in his poetry, he explicitly needs to express oppressive ideas. He has no antagonism, and besides, the poignancy of the themes of sustainability in his poems is less pronounced. Nima was not a socialist and populist poet and was more concerned with the nature and environment of the rural countryside, and this was one of the most important reasons for the poet's lack of immediate and explicit response to political and social issues that were often understood in the urban environment. In sum, Nima has never been ignorant of political and social events around her, and though she has not responded to all social issues, she has referred to some of the most important political and social themes in poetry.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Persian Title: مؤلفه های پایداری در شعر نیما یوشیج
Persian Abstract: هدف: هدف از پایان¬نامه حاضر تبیین مضامین مرتبط با پایداری و مقاومت در اشعار نیما یوشیج است. روش¬شناسی پژوهش: روش پژوهش به صورت توصیفی ـ تحلیلی بوده و در آن اشعار نیما مورد بررسی قرار گرفته و مؤلفه های پایداری در آن مشخص شده اند. یافته¬ها: نیما یوشیج از شاعران جریان¬ساز معاصر است که همواره در اشعارش به مضامین اجتماعی توجه داشته و نسبت به اوضاع سیاسی و اجتماعی جامعه حسّاس بوده است. او به گواه اشعارش، تنها راه مقابله با استعمار خارجی و استبـداد داخلی را پایداری و مقاومت دانسته و در اشعارش به این موضوع اشاره کرده است. پس از بررسی انواع مضامین پایداری همچون استبدادستیزی، عدالتجویی، میهن¬دوستی، نکوهش فقر، آگاه¬سازی مردم و مضامینی از این قبیل، این نتیجه حاصل شد که نیما یوشیج از پرداختن به مؤلفه¬های پایداری غافل نبوده¬است. نیما دارای روحیه¬ای لطیف است که هرگز بی¬عدالتی را برنمی¬تابد و همواره خواستار آگاهی مردم از حقوق خویش جهت احقاق حق¬شان است. نتیجه¬گیری: بررسی روش بیان و بسامد مضامین پایداری در اشعار نیما نشان می¬دهد که او را می¬توان از شاعران درجه دوم پایداری قرار داد؛ زیرا اگرچه او به مضامین پایداری در شعر خود اشاره کرده، اما صراحت لازم را جهت بیان اندیشه¬های ظلم-ستیزانه¬ی خود نداشته¬است و علاوه بر این، بسامد مضامین پایداری نیز در اشعار او نسبت به مضامین دیگر چندان پررنگ نیست. نیما بیشتر به طبیعت و محیط خلوت روستا تعلّق خاطر داشت و همین مسئله یکی از مهمترین دلایل عدم واکنش سریع و صریح این شاعر به مسائل سیاسی و اجتماعی بوده است. در مجموع، نیما هرگز از وقایع سیاسی و اجتماعی پیرامون خود غافل نبوده و اگرچه در برابر همه¬ی مسائل و مشکلات اجتماعی واکنش نشان نداده، اما با زبان شعر به برخی از مهمترین مضامین سیاسی و اجتماعی اشاراتی کرده است.
Supervisor:
SupervisorE-mail
Mokhtari, MasrorehUNSPECIFIED
Advisor:
AdvisorE-mail
Zahiri Nav, BizhanUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Faculty of Literature & Humanities > Department of Persian Language and Literature
Divisions > Faculty of Literature & Humanities > Department of Persian Language and Literature
Divisions: Subjects > Faculty of Literature & Humanities > Department of Persian Language and Literature
Faculty of Literature & Humanities > Department of Persian Language and Literature
Date Deposited: 06 Jun 2020 09:25
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2020 09:25
URI: http://repository.uma.ac.ir/id/eprint/11504

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