Question of khorasan in the Earlier of safavid Era: From the Foundation Dynasty to the End of shahTahmasb I Reign

رجبی, صالح and آقازاده, دکترجعفر and اسدی, دکترحسن (2019) Question of khorasan in the Earlier of safavid Era: From the Foundation Dynasty to the End of shahTahmasb I Reign. Masters thesis, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili.

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Abstract

Abstract: Khorasan region suffered a severe crisis during the early Safavid period due to its economic, social, cultural and political importance for the newly established Safavid state as well as the Uzbeks under the leadership of Mohammad Khan Shibani. This crisis began after the death of Sultan Hussein Mirzaee and the disputes between his children and caused numerous invasions of Uzbeks in the eastern part of Iran. The existence of the tomb of Imam Reza (AS) in Khorasan for the Safavids, which recognized the Shi'ism as a symbol of Islam, and considered itself the successor to the official government in Iran, had a legitimate dimension and could not accept the presence of Sunni Muslims in eastern Iran. The Uzbakan, who introduced themselves from the descendants of Genghis Khan, continued to capture and disperse the land in the Khorasan region and its surroundings with lush greenery, communication paths, and economically important. Because of the Uzbek invasions, the Safavid central government appointed princes, along with their leverage, to the Khorasan government and its surroundings, which, for the sake of the younger princes, were basically a genuine power for them. Khorasan had a long distance with the center of the Safavid government, which in some cases caused the flood of these real rulers or their fate from Khorasan for fear of the enemy during the time of Shah Isma'il I and Shah Tahmasb I Safavid, as well as the installation of unbelievers from them in The government's bodies in Khorasan would have been subject to very high taxes under different pretexts. Research Aim: A closer look at the issues of Khorasan during the time of Shah Isma'il I and Shah Tahmasb I Safavi. Research method: It is a descriptive-analytical and snippet of historical documents and books. Findings: Uzbek invasions, Shiite and Sunni conflicts after the domination of each of the two powers of the Safavid and Uzbek, the war of destruction of agricultural land and the famine that has arisen, has caused harmful effects on the people and the eastern region of Iran. Conclusion: The invasion of the Safavids and Uzbeks into the Khorasan region was due to territorial development, but it was raised in a religiously dominant position, the Safavid sought to stabilize the eastern and Uzbek borders to reach the lush grasslands. The existence of various religions, including Shi'a and Sunni, in Khorasan helped their invasions, and left a dramatic impact on the region, and diverged from the growth that had developed during the Timurid period.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Persian Title: مسئلۀ خراسان در دورۀ متقدم صفویه: از ابتدای تأسیس تا پایان سلطنت شاه طهماسب اول
Persian Abstract: چکیده: منطقه‌ی خراسان به خاطر اهمیتی که از لحاظ اقتصادی، اجتماعی، فرهنگی و سیاسی برای دولت تازه تأسیس صفویه و همچنین ازبکان با سرکردگی محمدخان شیبانی داشت در دوران متقدم صفویه دچار بحران شدیدی شد. این بحران پس از مرگ سلطان‌حسین میرزای بایقرا و اختلاف میان فرزندان او شروع و باعث تهاجمات متعدد ازبکان بر منطقه‌ی شرق ایران شد. وجود مزار امام رضا (ع) در خراسان برای صفویه‌ای که شیعه‌ی اثنی عشری را رسمیت بخشیده بود و خود را جانشین حکومت‌های رسمی در ایران می‌دانست دارای بعد مشروعیتی بود و نمی‌توانست حضور ازبکان سنی مذهب را در شرق ایران بپذیرد. ازبکان نیز که خود را از نوادگان چنگیزخان معرفی می‌کردند به تصرف و کشورگشایی در منطقه‌ی خراسان و اطراف آن که دارای مراتع سرسبز، مسیر ارتباطی، و از لحاظ اقتصادی نیز مهم بود ادامه می‌دادند. به خاطر تهاجمات ازبکان، دولت مرکزی صفویه شاهزادگان را به همراه لَله‌ی آن‌ها به حکومت خراسان و اطراف آن منصوب می‌کرد که به خاطر سن کم شاهزادگان اصولاً قدرت واقعی در اختیار لَله‌ی آن‌ها قرار می‌گرفت. خراسان مسافت طولانی با مرکز دولت صفویه داشت به همین دلیل در بعضی موارد باعث طغیان این حکام واقعی یا متواری شدن آن‌ها از خراسان به خاطر ترس از دشمن در دوران شاه اسماعیل اول و شاه طهماسب اول صفوی می‌شد و همچنین نصب افراد نالایق از جانب آن‌ها در ارکان دولتی خراسان، باعث گرفتن مالیات‌های بسیار به بهانه‌های مختلف می‌شد.
Supervisor:
SupervisorE-mail
آقازاده, دکترجعفرUNSPECIFIED
Advisor:
AdvisorE-mail
اسدی, دکترحسنUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Faculty of Literature & Humanities > Department of Archaeology & History
Divisions > Faculty of Literature & Humanities > Department of Archaeology & History
Divisions: Subjects > Faculty of Literature & Humanities > Department of Archaeology & History
Faculty of Literature & Humanities > Department of Archaeology & History
Date Deposited: 14 Jul 2019 04:54
Last Modified: 14 Jul 2019 04:54
URI: http://repository.uma.ac.ir/id/eprint/8375

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