An Investigation into Effective Factors for Citizen Participation in the Separation of the Origin of Urban Waste ( ACase Study: Sarein city)

همتي, سميه An Investigation into Effective Factors for Citizen Participation in the Separation of the Origin of Urban Waste ( ACase Study: Sarein city). In: The 13th National Conference on Watershed Management Science & Engineering of Iran and The 3rd National Conference on Conservation of Natural Resources and Environment, 3-4 October 2018, Ardabil, Iran.

[img] Text (بررسي عوامل موثر جهت مشاركت شهروندان در طرح تفكيك از مبدأ پسماندهاي شهري ( مطالعه موردي: شهرسرعين))
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Abstract

Background and purpose One of the strategies to reduce the waste of waste is the implementation of a landfill separation scheme by households, which is based on the participation of households. The main objective of this study is to investigate the effective factors for participation in the design of the separation of the origin of urban waste from the viewpoint of citizens. Materials and methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was performed by completing 100 questionnaires with face-to-face interviews in Sarein. In this study, the knowledge and interest of the people and the extent of the impact of different educational methods (face to face, pamphlet, media) were analyzed for the participation of citizens in the design of separation from the source of urban waste. To examine the relationship between qualitative variables, chi-square test was used at a significant level of 5%. Findings: The results showed that among the variables studied, other than income and the number of family members of the other variables, had a significant relationship with the participation rate of citizens.Aaccording to the results, 38% of the citizens had little knowledge about the origin of separation, and about 90% of the citizens had an interest in learning to participate in the implementation of this plan. Also, among the studied educational methods (face to face, pamphlet, media), media education had the most impact from the citizen's point of view to participate in the design of separation from the source of urban wastes. Conclusion : According to the results of the present study, institutionalizing a separation scheme in the source requires the use of public participation. Participation that can not be achieved without obtaining the necessary occasions. Therefore, in the planning of urban management, considering the socioeconomic status of the community, the type of educational system that is desirable to promote citizens' awareness should be identified. According to the results of this study, the media, among all the new tools and techniques, is a huge contribution to increasing the awareness of people to participate in the implementation of separation programs from the source. Key Words: Citizen Participation, Source Separation, Urban Wastes, Sarein

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Persian Title: بررسي عوامل موثر جهت مشاركت شهروندان در طرح تفكيك از مبدأ پسماندهاي شهري ( مطالعه موردي: شهرسرعين)
Persian Abstract: زمينه و هدف: از جمله راهكارهايي كه در كاهش پسماند مد نظراست، اجراي طرح تفكيك زباله از مبدأ توسط خانوارهاست كه پايه و اساس اين گونه طرح ها، بر مشاركت خانوارها استوار است. هدف اصلي اين مطالعه بررسي عوامل موثر جهت مشاركت در طرح تفكيك از مبدأ پسماند هاي شهري از ديدگاه شهروندان مي باشد روش بررسي: اين مطالعه به صورت توصيفي - مقطعي از طريق تكميل 100 پرسشنامه با مصاحبه حضوري در شهر سرعين انجام شد. در اين مطالعه آگاهي و علاقه مردم و ميزان تاثير گذاري روش هاي مختلف آموزشي ( چهره به چهره، پمفلت، رسانه) جهت مشاركت شهروندان در طرح تفكيك از مبدأ پسماند هاي شهري سنجيده شد. جهت بررسي ارتباط بين متغييرهاي كيفي از آزمون كاي دو در سطح معناداري 5% استفاده گرديد. يافته ها: نتايج نشان داد در بين متغييرهاي مورد بررسي به غير از درآمد و تعداد افراد خانواده بقيه متغييرها با ميزان مشاركت شهروندان رابطه معنا داري داشتند. با توجه به نتايج به دست آمده 38% از شهروندان از آگاهي كمي در زمينه تفكيك از مبدأ برخوردار بودند و حدود 90% از شهروندان تمايل و علاقه به آموزش جهت مشاركت در اجراي اين طرح را داشتند. همچنين از بين روش هاي آموزشي مورد بررسي (چهره به چهره، پمفلت، رسانه)، آموزش از طريق رسانه بيشترين تاثيرات را از ديدگاه شهروندان جهت مشاركت در طرح تفكيك از مبدأ پسماندهاي شهري داشت. نتيجه گيري: طبق نتايج مطالعه حاضر نهادينه كردن طرح تفكيك در مبدأ مستلزم بهره گيري از مشاركت مردم ميباشد. مشاركتي كه بدون كسب آ گاهي لازم قابل تحقق نمي باشد. بنابراين در برنامه ريزي مديريت شهري با توجه به وضعيت و شرايط فرهنگي، اجتماعي، اقتصادي جامعه نوع سيستم آموزشي مطلوب جهت ارتقاي آگاهي شهروندان بايد مشخص شود. براساس نتايج اين مطالعه رسانه ها از ميان تمامي ابزار و فنون جديد سهمي شگرف در افزايش ميزان آگاهي مردم جهت مشاركت در اجراي برنامه هاي تفكيك از مبدأ را دارد. كلمات كليدي: مشاركت شهروندان ، تفكيك از مبدأ، پسماندهاي شهري، سرعين
Subjects: Divisions > Conferences > The 13th National Conference on Watershed Management Science & Engineering of Iran and The 3rd National Conference on Conservation of Natural Resources and Environment
Conferences > The 13th National Conference on Watershed Management Science & Engineering of Iran and The 3rd National Conference on Conservation of Natural Resources and Environment
Divisions: Conferences > The 13th National Conference on Watershed Management Science & Engineering of Iran and The 3rd National Conference on Conservation of Natural Resources and Environment
Subjects > Conferences > The 13th National Conference on Watershed Management Science & Engineering of Iran and The 3rd National Conference on Conservation of Natural Resources and Environment
Date Deposited: 17 Oct 2018 15:40
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2018 15:40
URI: http://repository.uma.ac.ir/id/eprint/848

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